Hometo doThe Hauture

The Hauture

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Address:
Postcode:
13200
City:
Arles
Route Recommend

The L'Hauture district is the highest part of the town (altitude of 25 metres), the only rocky knoll on the surrounding alluvial plain.
It was a major base for the urbanisation of the Roman colony and the current district still contains the remains of some of its structures, particularly the amphitheatre, theatre and ramparts.
Furthermore, the remains of the first cathedral complex have been revealed on the south-east corner of the district.
Later, its population of smallholders, shepherds and artisans made their mark on the attractive physiognomy of small simple houses and narrow winding streets, some of which are still paved.
Its heritage, rich past and charm make this district very popular with visitors. The district falls within the protected area, as does the whole town centre.
In the 6th century BC, the L'Hauture rock was occupied by the indigenous population who traded with the Phocaean town of Massalia (Marseille). The district, like the whole of the nascent town, later became predominantly Celto-Ligurian and then Italian.
But it was with the foundation of the Roman colony in 46 BC that the district first experienced large-scale urbanisation. The theatre was built (and the amphitheatre a century later), while an enclosure was constructed, the eastern outlines of which are still visible. The Porte d'Auguste, which opens onto the rampart overlooking the end of the Aurelian Way from Italy, made L'Hauture a key stopover point.
This district was also home to the Paleo-Christian cathedral, before it was moved to the forum.
In the Middle Ages, when the religious authorities gave L’Hauture to the neighbouring district of La Cité, it became no more than a parish entity of Notre-Dame-de-la-Major Church. Until the Revolution, this parish was the largest and most densely populated in town. The amphitheatre, constructed and reinforced with towers, confirmed its defensive role.
During the Renaissance, political authorities and town planning led to this district moving further to the west, giving L'Hauture a more rural and artisanal character. Apart from the development of Saint-Césaire Abbey and the operation of the 'château d’eau' (water tower) in the 20th century (see the old reservoirs and the tower), the L'Hauture district has retained its characteristic small old individual houses.

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